Charles XII was the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718. He belonged to the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, a branch line of the House of Wittelsbach. Charles was the only surviving son of Charles XI and Ulrika Eleonora the Elder. He assumed power, after a seven-month caretaker government, at the age of fifteen. His reign was a glorious but violent era for the Swedish Empire as several foreign powers aligned together and attacked the Empire, taking advantage of the fact that the Swedish Empire was unaligned and ruled by a young and inexperienced king, thus initiating the Great Northern War. His brilliant campaigning and startling victories brought his country to the pinnacle of her prestige and power.
The Great Northern War, 1700